Construction of the first electric locomotive by Siemens

01/01/1879View on timeline

The first known electric locomotive was built in 1837 by chemist Robert Davidson of Aberdeen, and it was powered by galvanic cells (batteries). Davidson later built a larger locomotive named Galvani, exhibited at the Royal Scottish Society of Arts Exhibition in 1841. The seven-ton vehicle had two direct-drive reluctance motors, with fixed electromagnets acting on iron bars attached to a wooden cylinder on each axle, and simple commutators. It hauled a load of six tons at four miles per hour (6 kilometers per hour) for a distance of one and a half miles (2.4 kilometres). It was tested on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway in September of the following year, but the limited power from batteries prevented its general use. It was destroyed by railway workers, who saw it as a threat to their job security.

The first electric passenger train was presented by Werner von Siemens at Berlin in 1879. The locomotive was driven by a 2.2 kW, series-wound motor, and the train, consisting of the locomotive and three cars, reached a speed of 13 km/h. During four months, the train carried 90,000 passengers on a 300-metre-long (984 feet) circular track. The electricity (150 V DC) was supplied through a third insulated rail between the tracks. A contact roller was used to collect the electricity. The world's first electric tram line opened in Lichterfelde near Berlin, Germany, in 1881. It was built by Werner von Siemens (see Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway and Berlin Straßenbahn). Volk's Electric Railway opened in 1883 in Brighton. Also in 1883, Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram opened near Vienna in Austria. It was the first in the world in regular service powered from an overhead line. Five years later, in the U.S. electric trolleys were pioneered in 1888 on the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, using equipment designed by Frank J. Sprague.


1879 Siemens & Halske experimental train

0 comments

Comment

No comments avaliable.

Author

Info

Published in 3/04/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic International Chronology:


Invalid DateDefeat of the Invincible Armada by the EnglishDefeat of the Invincible Armada by the English
Invalid DateShakespeare writes Richard IIIShakespeare writes Richard III
Invalid DateGalileo invents the telescopeGalileo invents the telescope
Invalid DateStart of the reign of Louis XIVStart of the reign of Louis XIV
Invalid DateDenis Papin constructs the first steam engineDenis Papin constructs the first steam engine
Invalid DateSeven Years’ WarSeven Years’ War
Invalid DateOutbreak of the French RevolutionOutbreak of the French Revolution
Invalid DateBattles of Trafalgar and AusterlitzBattles of Trafalgar and Austerlitz
Invalid DateGreece achieves independenceGreece achieves independence
Invalid DateVictoria is crowned Queen of EnglandVictoria is crowned Queen of England
Invalid DateDarwin - On the Origin of SpeciesDarwin - On the Origin of Species
Invalid DateAbolition of slavery in the USAAbolition of slavery in the USA
Invalid DateConstruction of the first skyscraper in ChicagoConstruction of the first skyscraper in Chicago
Invalid DateEinstein - Theory of RelativityEinstein - Theory of Relativity
Invalid DateFirst World WarFirst World War
Invalid DateBlack Thursday on Wall StreetBlack Thursday on Wall Street
Invalid DateStart of the Spanish Civil WarStart of the Spanish Civil War
Invalid DateSecond World WarSecond World War
Invalid DateSigning of the Treaty of Rome - creation of the EECSigning of the Treaty of Rome - creation of the EEC
Invalid DateThe USA intervenes in VietnamThe USA intervenes in Vietnam
Invalid DateFall of the Berlin WallFall of the Berlin Wall
Invalid DateOutbreak of the Gulf WarOutbreak of the Gulf War
Invalid Date2001 11 September2001 11 September
Invalid DateEconomic crisisEconomic crisis
Invalid DateCervantes writes Don QuixoteCervantes writes Don Quixote
Invalid DateDaniel Defoe writes Robinson CrusoeDaniel Defoe writes Robinson Crusoe
Invalid DateArgentina achieves independenceArgentina achieves independence
Invalid DateDeath of Napoleon BonaparteDeath of Napoleon Bonaparte
Invalid DateChampollion deciphers hieroglyphicsChampollion deciphers hieroglyphics
Invalid DateAlexandre Dumas publishes The Three MusketeersAlexandre Dumas publishes The Three Musketeers
Invalid DateMarx and Engels publish The Communist ManifestoMarx and Engels publish The Communist Manifesto
Invalid DateOutbreak of the American Civil WarOutbreak of the American Civil War
Invalid DateTolstoy begins publication of War and PeaceTolstoy begins publication of War and Peace
Invalid DateVerdi's opera Aida is staged in CairoVerdi's opera Aida is staged in Cairo
Invalid DateBell invents the telephoneBell invents the telephone
Invalid DateWagner writes ParsifalWagner writes Parsifal
Invalid DateKarl Benz invents the first petrol-powered vehicleKarl Benz invents the first petrol-powered vehicle
Invalid DateLumiére Brothers – 1st cinema projectionLumiére Brothers – 1st cinema projection
Invalid DateBayer invents aspirinBayer invents aspirin
Invalid DateProclamation of the Republic of ChinaProclamation of the Republic of China
Invalid DateSinking of the TitanicSinking of the Titanic
Invalid DateRussian RevolutionRussian Revolution
Invalid DateWomen granted the right to vote in the USAWomen granted the right to vote in the USA
Invalid DateHitler becomes the leader of the Nazi PartyHitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party
Invalid DateFirst broadcasting of images by televisionFirst broadcasting of images by television
Invalid DateChang-Kai-Check reunifies ChinaChang-Kai-Check reunifies China
Invalid DateThe start of sound filmThe start of sound film
Invalid DateWalt Disney creates Mickey MouseWalt Disney creates Mickey Mouse
Invalid DateSoviet Union – Stalin becomes undisputed leaderSoviet Union – Stalin becomes undisputed leader
Invalid DateHitler becomes leader of German ReichHitler becomes leader of German Reich
Invalid DateCreation of the electronic microscopeCreation of the electronic microscope
Invalid DateFirst computer – ENIACFirst computer – ENIAC
Invalid DateEstablishment of the People’s Republic of ChinaEstablishment of the People’s Republic of China
Invalid DateDeath of StalinDeath of Stalin
Invalid DateConstruction of the Berlin WallConstruction of the Berlin Wall
Invalid DateAssassination of President Kennedy in DallasAssassination of President Kennedy in Dallas
Invalid DateBattle of AusterlitzBattle of Austerlitz