Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions, by Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn
What, then, other or beyond a “product” of prefrontal cortex activity, is culture for the neurodisciplines of culture? The concept was notoriously capacious by the time that the anthropologists Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn (1952) enumerated over 150 definitions, and it has remained so (Shweder 2001).
Alfred L. Kroeber
A.L. Kroeber, in full Alfred Louis Kroeber, (born June 11, 1876, Hoboken, N.J., U.S.—died Oct. 5, 1960, Paris, France), influential American anthropologist of the first half of the 20th century, whose primary concern was to understand the nature of culture and its processes. His interest and competence ranged over the whole of anthropology, and he made valuable contributions to American Indian ethnology; to the archaeology of New Mexico, Mexico, and Peru; and to the study of linguistics, folklore, kinship, and social structure. His career nearly coincided with the emergence of academic, professionalized anthropology in the United States and contributed significantly to its development.
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