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Sugar Intervention


Sugar Intervention

On July 14, Menocal formally offered training camps in the province of Oriente to USA. The first contingent, consisting of under 1000 of American Marines, came to Cuba in August 1917. Technically, the operation was not an intervention. Rather, the Cuban government formally invited the US army to train in a warm climate. As guests of the government, the US troops were obliged to stay in strict limits.

During the first year of arrival, the US Marines assumed responsibility for the objects of infrastructure related to sugar plantations. In October, they established a number of permanent camps. Already in November 1917, the presence of the troops caused anti-American protests. In December 1917, another thousand Marines arrived.

The troops performed patrols of the countryside to ensure that sugar plantations are safe. In addition, they collected intelligence data, tried to obtain general information and passed it to the United States, as well as to authorities in Havana. They were instructed to fully cooperate with local authorities, in order to minimize frictions in Cuban-American relations. The population generally remained hostile to the Marines. In 1918, partially as a result of the measures undertaken, Cuba produced a record sugar harvest.

By mid-1918, the disturbance in the countryside ceased, and the main threat to sugar production was coming from the protests in the cities, mostly in form of strikes, which in particular targeted infrastructure for shipping and production of sugar. These protest were particularly strong in 1918 and 1919, spreading over the whole country. The American authorities preferred to represent these protests as political and leftist, which would justify intervention according to the Platt Amendment, even though such intervention would contradict to the original 1917 agreement with the Cuban Government. In December 1918, an additional 1,120 Marines arrived to the Guantánamo naval base. Additional six thousands were ready to arrive. The field operations were modified accordingly, and Marines were now patrolling the cities.

— Wikipedia

Sugar Intervention. Wikipedia.

A brief history of America and Cuba
Trainload of sugar cane, Cuba, circa 1910-1935.

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Weighing sugar cane before unloading at mill, Cuba, circa 1904. Published by Detroit Publishing & Co...

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A brief history of America and Cuba



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Published in 21/06/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic The U.S. in Latin America and the Caribbean:

29/05/1934Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934
22/05/190329/05/1934Period during which the U.S. had the right to invade Cuba
29/09/190606/02/1909Second Occupation of CubaSecond Occupation of Cuba
01/01/189920/05/1902First Occupation of Cuba
01/08/191706/01/1922Sugar InterventionSugar Intervention
04/08/191201/01/1933Occupation of Nicaragua
05/05/191627/12/1924Occupation of Dominican Republic
21/04/191423/11/1914Occupation of Veracruz
28/07/191501/08/1934Occupation of Haiti
31/03/1917Annexation of U.S. Virgin IslandsAnnexation of U.S. Virgin Islands
01/01/1904First Occupation of Dominican Republic
01/10/190313/11/1903U.S. sends warships to PanamaU.S. sends warships to Panama
01/06/1906U.S. intervention in the Cananea strikeU.S. intervention in the Cananea strike
01/01/1905U.S. troops land in Honduras
20/02/190727/03/1907U.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and NicaraguaU.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and Nicaragua
01/01/1908U.S. troops intervene in Panama
01/10/190920/08/1910U.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos ZelayaU.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos Zelaya
01/01/1911Hondurean president overthrownHondurean president overthrown
01/01/1912U.S. intervention during the 1912 "Race War" in Cuba
14/03/191607/02/1917Pancho Villa ExpeditionPancho Villa Expedition
01/01/191801/01/1920U.S. intervention in Chiriquí Province, Panama
01/01/1925U.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riotsU.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riots
01/01/1933U.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y MoralesU.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y Morales
12/06/1901Platt AmendmentPlatt Amendment
04/05/190415/08/1914Construction of the Panama CanalConstruction of the Panama Canal