William Henry Harrison

04/03/184104/04/1841View on timeline

William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison: America's briefest President

William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was an American military officer and politician who served as the ninth president of the United States in 1841. He died of typhoid, pneumonia, or paratyphoid fever 31 days into his term, becoming the first president to die in office and the shortest-serving president in US History. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, because the Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of president or merely execute the duties of the vacant office. Tyler claimed a constitutional mandate to become the new president and took the presidential oath of office, setting an important precedent for an orderly transfer of the presidency and its full powers when the previous president fails to complete the elected term.

Harrison was born in Charles City County, Virginia, a son of Founding Father Benjamin Harrison V and the paternal grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States. He was the last president born as a British subject in the Thirteen Colonies before the Declaration of Independence in 1776. During his early military career, he participated in the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, an American military victory that effectively ended the Northwest Indian War. Later, he led a military force against Tecumseh's Confederacy at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, where he earned the nickname "Old Tippecanoe". He was promoted to major general in the Army in the War of 1812, and in 1813 led American infantry and cavalry at the Battle of the Thames in Upper Canada.

Harrison began his political career in 1798, when he was appointed Secretary of the Northwest Territory, and in 1799 he was elected as the territory's delegate in the House of Representatives. Two years later, President John Adams named him governor of the newly established Indiana Territory, a post he held until 1812. After the War of 1812, he moved to Ohio where he was elected to represent the state's 1st district in the House in 1816. In 1824, the Ohio state legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate; his term was truncated by his appointment as Minister Plenipotentiary to Gran Colombia in May 1828. Afterward, he returned to private life in North Bend, Ohio until he was nominated as the Whig Party candidate for president in the 1836 election; he was defeated by Democratic vice president Martin Van Buren. Four years later, the party nominated him again with John Tyler as his running mate, and the Whig campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too". They defeated Van Buren in the 1840 United States presidential election, making Harrison the first Whig to win the presidency.

At 68 years, 23 days of age at the time of his inauguration, Harrison was the oldest person to assume the U.S. presidency, a distinction he held until 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated at age 69 years, 349 days. Due to his brief tenure, scholars and historians often forgo listing him in historical presidential rankings. However, historian William W. Freehling calls him "the most dominant figure in the evolution of the Northwest territories into the Upper Midwest today".


0 comments

Comment

No comments avaliable.

Author

Info

Published in 28/08/2020

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic USA - Presidents:


Invalid DateGeorge WashingtonGeorge Washington
Invalid DateJohn AdamsJohn Adams
Invalid DateThomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson
Invalid DateJames MadisonJames Madison
Invalid DateJames MonroeJames Monroe
Invalid DateJohn Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
Invalid DateAndrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
Invalid DateMartin Van BurenMartin Van Buren
Invalid DateWilliam Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison
Invalid DateJohn TylerJohn Tyler
Invalid DateJames K. PolkJames K. Polk
Invalid DateZachary TaylorZachary Taylor
Invalid DateMillard FillmoreMillard Fillmore
Invalid DateFranklin PierceFranklin Pierce
Invalid DateJames BuchananJames Buchanan
Invalid DateAbraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln
Invalid DateAndrew JohnsonAndrew Johnson
Invalid DateUlysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant
Invalid DateRutherford B. HayesRutherford B. Hayes
Invalid DateJames A. GarfieldJames A. Garfield
Invalid DateChester A. ArthurChester A. Arthur
Invalid DateGrover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
Invalid DateBenjamin HarrisonBenjamin Harrison
Invalid DateGrover ClevelandGrover Cleveland
Invalid DateWilliam McKinleyWilliam McKinley
Invalid DateTheodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt
Invalid DateWilliam Howard TaftWilliam Howard Taft
Invalid DateWoodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson
Invalid DateWarren G. HardingWarren G. Harding
Invalid DateCalvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge
Invalid DateHerbert HooverHerbert Hoover
Invalid DateFranklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt
Invalid DateHarry S. TrumanHarry S. Truman
Invalid DateDwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower
Invalid DateJohn F. KennedyJohn F. Kennedy
Invalid DateLyndon B. JohnsonLyndon B. Johnson
Invalid DateRichard NixonRichard Nixon
Invalid DateGerald FordGerald Ford
Invalid DateJimmy CarterJimmy Carter
Invalid DateRonald ReaganRonald Reagan
Invalid DateGeorge H. W. BushGeorge H. W. Bush
Invalid DateBill ClintonBill Clinton
Invalid DateGeorge W. BushGeorge W. Bush
Invalid DateBarack ObamaBarack Obama
Invalid DateDonald TrumpDonald Trump