Skip to content

U.S. intervention in the Cananea strike


"Although this northwest corner of Sonora had had small-scale mining operations since the 18th century, it wasn’t until 1896 that the U.S. entrepreneur William Greene made the Cananea copper mine into one of the largest in Mexico. Greene also owned land, cattle, lumber, and railroad interests, which dominated the economy of that area thanks to favors from both state and national governments. By 1906, the mine boasted 5,400 Mexican workers, many of whom were sympathetic to the opposition Mexican Liberal Party. Employees from the United States, alarmed by the labor action, incited widespread violence and brought in Mexican troops and “volunteers” from neighboring Arizona to quell the disturbance. The use of U.S. troops launched an inquiry into foreign control of natural resources and strike leaders Manuel Diéguez and Esteban Baca Calderón went on to become important revolutionary leaders."

— Strike at the Cananea Copper Mine (June 1906), Library of Congress

Strike at the Cananea Copper Mine (June 1906). Library of Congress.

Cananea, Mexico: Col. W.C. Greene addressing a crowd of Mexicans, who shortly afterward fired the lu...

Link to the image and caption

Striking workers in Cananea confront American possemen protecting the company store.

Link to the image

Strike in Cananea, Sonora.

Link to the image



No comments avaliable.



Published in 27/06/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic The U.S. in Latin America and the Caribbean:

29/05/1934Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934
22/05/190329/05/1934Period during which the U.S. had the right to invade Cuba
29/09/190606/02/1909Second Occupation of CubaSecond Occupation of Cuba
01/01/189920/05/1902First Occupation of Cuba
01/08/191706/01/1922Sugar InterventionSugar Intervention
04/08/191201/01/1933Occupation of Nicaragua
05/05/191627/12/1924Occupation of Dominican Republic
21/04/191423/11/1914Occupation of Veracruz
28/07/191501/08/1934Occupation of Haiti
31/03/1917Annexation of U.S. Virgin IslandsAnnexation of U.S. Virgin Islands
01/01/1904First Occupation of Dominican Republic
01/10/190313/11/1903U.S. sends warships to PanamaU.S. sends warships to Panama
01/06/1906U.S. intervention in the Cananea strikeU.S. intervention in the Cananea strike
01/01/1905U.S. troops land in Honduras
20/02/190727/03/1907U.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and NicaraguaU.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and Nicaragua
01/01/1908U.S. troops intervene in Panama
01/10/190920/08/1910U.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos ZelayaU.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos Zelaya
01/01/1911Hondurean president overthrownHondurean president overthrown
01/01/1912U.S. intervention during the 1912 "Race War" in Cuba
14/03/191607/02/1917Pancho Villa ExpeditionPancho Villa Expedition
01/01/191801/01/1920U.S. intervention in Chiriquí Province, Panama
01/01/1925U.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riotsU.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riots
01/01/1933U.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y MoralesU.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y Morales
12/06/1901Platt AmendmentPlatt Amendment
04/05/190415/08/1914Construction of the Panama CanalConstruction of the Panama Canal