U.S. sends warships to Panama

01/10/190313/11/1903View on timeline

Naval operations during the Spanish-American War (1898-1901) served to convince President Theodore Roosevelt that the United States needed to control a canal somewhere in the Western Hemisphere. This interest culminated in the Spooner Bill of June 29, 1902, providing for a canal through the isthmus of Panama, and the Hay-Herrán Treaty of January 22, 1903, under which Colombia gave consent to such a project in the form of a 100-year lease on an area 10 kilometers wide. This treaty, however, was not ratified in Bogotá, and the United States, determined to construct a canal across the isthmus, intensively encouraged the Panamanian separatist movement.

By July 1903, when the course of internal Colombian opposition to the Hay-Herrán Treaty became obvious, a revolutionary junta had been created in Panama. José Augustin Arango, an attorney for the Panama Railroad Company, headed the junta. Manuel Amador Guerrero and Carlos C. Arosemena served on the junta from the start, and five other members, all from prominent Panamanian families, were added. Arango was considered the brains of the revolution, and Amador was the junta's active leader.

With financial assistance arranged by Philippe Bunau-Varilla, a French national representing the interests of de Lesseps's company, the native Panamanian leaders conspired to take advantage of United States interest in a new regime on the isthmus. In October and November 1903, the revolutionary junta, with the protection of United States naval forces, carried out a successful uprising against the Colombian government. Acting, paradoxically, under the Bidlack-Mallarino Treaty of 1846 between the United States and Colombia--which provided that United States forces could intervene in the event of disorder on the isthmus to guarantee Colombian sovereignty and open transit across the isthmus --the United States prevented a Colombian force from moving across the isthmus to Panama City to suppress the insurrection.

— Panama: Country Studies.

Panama: Country Studies. Library of Congress.

1904 map of Panama.

1904 Map of Panama. World Digital Library.

How the Panama Canal was built - BBC News
Who Built the Panama Canal?
You can also watch these historical videos showing the Panama Canal in 1919 and President Taft's visit to the country:

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/7059/

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/7053/

0 comments

Comment

No comments avaliable.

Author

Info

Published in 27/06/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic The U.S. in Latin America and the Caribbean:


Invalid DateCuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934Cuban-American Treaty of Relations of 1934
Invalid DatePeriod during which the U.S. had the right to invade Cuba
Invalid DateSecond Occupation of CubaSecond Occupation of Cuba
Invalid DateFirst Occupation of Cuba
Invalid DateSugar InterventionSugar Intervention
Invalid DateOccupation of Nicaragua
Invalid DateOccupation of Dominican Republic
Invalid DateOccupation of Veracruz
Invalid DateOccupation of Haiti
Invalid DateAnnexation of U.S. Virgin IslandsAnnexation of U.S. Virgin Islands
Invalid DateFirst Occupation of Dominican Republic
Invalid DateU.S. sends warships to PanamaU.S. sends warships to Panama
Invalid DateU.S. intervention in the Cananea strikeU.S. intervention in the Cananea strike
Invalid DateU.S. troops land in Honduras
Invalid DateU.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and NicaraguaU.S. intervention in conflict between Honduras and Nicaragua
Invalid DateU.S. troops intervene in Panama
Invalid DateU.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos ZelayaU.S. intervention in Nicaragua, ruled by José Santos Zelaya
Invalid DateHondurean president overthrownHondurean president overthrown
Invalid DateU.S. intervention during the 1912 "Race War" in Cuba
Invalid DatePancho Villa ExpeditionPancho Villa Expedition
Invalid DateU.S. intervention in Chiriquí Province, Panama
Invalid DateU.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riotsU.S. intervention in Panamanian rent riots
Invalid DateU.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y MoralesU.S. assists the deposing of Cuban president Gerardo Machado y Morales
Invalid DatePlatt AmendmentPlatt Amendment
Invalid DateConstruction of the Panama CanalConstruction of the Panama Canal