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The euro is launched

01/01/1999

After a decade of preparations, the euro was launched on 1 January 1999: for the first three years it was an ‘invisible’ currency, only used for accounting purposes and electronic payments. Coins and banknotes were launched on 1 January 2002, and in 12 EU countries the biggest cash changeover in history took place.

— Europa.eu

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Published in 8/01/2020

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic European Union:


13/12/2007Lisbon Treaty is signedLisbon Treaty is signed
01/12/2009Lisbon Treaty becomes effective
01/01/1981Greece joins
01/01/1986Portugal and Spain join the EEC
01/05/1999Treaty of AmsterdamTreaty of Amsterdam
01/01/200410 new countries join the EU
01/01/2007Bulgaria and Romania join the EU
01/01/2013Croatia joins the EU
25/03/1957Treaty of Rome is signedTreaty of Rome is signed
18/04/1951Treaty of Paris is signedTreaty of Paris is signed
01/01/1979 (Aprox)01/01/1999European Monetary System (EMS)
01/01/1999The euro is launched
01/01/2002Euro coins and banknotes are adoptedEuro coins and banknotes are adopted
14/06/1985Schengen Agreement is signed
26/03/1995Schengen Agreement is effective
19/06/1990Schengen Convention
06/05/1994Inauguration of the EurotunnelInauguration of the Eurotunnel