Skip to content

François Hollande

15/05/201214/05/2017

François Hollande

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017. He previously was First Secretary of the Socialist Party from 1997 to 2008, Mayor of Tulle from 2001 to 2008 and President of the General Council of Corrèze from 2008 to 2012. Hollande also served in the National Assembly twice for the first constituency of Corrèze from 1988 to 1993 and again from 1997 until 2012.

Born in Rouen and raised in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hollande began his political career as a special advisor to newly elected President François Mitterrand, before serving as a staffer for Max Gallo, the government's spokesman. He became a member of the National Assembly in 1988 and was elected First Secretary of the Socialist Party in 1997. Following the 2004 regional elections won by the Socialists, Hollande was cited as a potential presidential candidate, but resigned as First Secretary and was immediately elected to replace Jean-Pierre Dupont as President of the General Council of Corrèze in 2008. In 2011, Hollande announced that he would be a candidate in the primary election to select the Socialist Party presidential nominee; he won the nomination against Martine Aubry and was elected to the presidency on 6 May 2012 during the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy.

During his tenure, Hollande legalised same-sex marriage by passing Bill no. 344, reformed labour laws and credit training programmes, withdrew combat troops present in the Afghanistan military intervention and concluded an EU directive on the protection of animals in laboratory research through a Franco-German contract. Hollande led the country through the January and November 2015 Paris attacks, as well as the 2016 Nice truck attack. He was a leading proponent of EU mandatory migrant quotas and NATO's 2011 military intervention in Libya. He also sent troops to Mali and the Central African Republic with the approval of the UN Security Council in order to stabilise those countries, two operations largely seen as successful. However, his support of the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen drew controversy among his left-wing electoral base. Under his term, France also became the most toured country in the world and known as a nation of open markets, regulatory efficiency, rule of law and limited governmental intervention.

Paris hosted the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference and Hollande's efforts to attract the 2024 Summer Olympics to the city were successful. Notwithstanding, with unemployment up to 10% and domestic troubles over his tenure due to terrorism, he faced spikes and downturns in approval rates, ultimately making him the most unpopular head of state under the Fifth Republic. On 1 December 2016, he announced he would not seek reelection in the 2017 presidential election, for which polls suggested his defeat in the first round.


0 comments

Comment

No comments avaliable.

Author

Info

Published in 9/09/2020

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic France - Presidents:


20/12/184804/09/1870Napoleon IIINapoleon III
30/08/187124/05/1873Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
24/05/187330/01/1879Patrice de MacMahonPatrice de MacMahon
30/01/187902/12/1887Jules GrévyJules Grévy
03/12/188725/06/1894Marie François Sadi CarnotMarie François Sadi Carnot
27/06/189416/01/1895Jean Casimir-PerierJean Casimir-Perier
17/01/189516/02/1899Félix FaureFélix Faure
18/02/189918/02/1906Émile LoubetÉmile Loubet
18/02/190618/02/1913Armand FallièresArmand Fallières
18/02/191318/02/1920Raymond PoincaréRaymond Poincaré
18/02/192021/09/1920Paul DeschanelPaul Deschanel
23/09/192011/06/1924Alexandre MillerandAlexandre Millerand
13/06/192413/06/1931Gaston DoumergueGaston Doumergue
13/06/193107/05/1932Paul DoumerPaul Doumer
10/05/193211/07/1940Albert LebrunAlbert Lebrun
16/01/194716/01/1954Vincent AuriolVincent Auriol
16/01/195408/01/1959René CotyRené Coty
08/01/195928/04/1969Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle
28/04/196920/06/1969Alain PoherAlain Poher
20/06/196902/04/1974Georges PompidouGeorges Pompidou
02/04/197427/05/1974Alain PoherAlain Poher
27/05/197421/05/1981Valéry Giscard d'EstaingValéry Giscard d'Estaing
21/05/198117/05/1995François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand
17/05/199516/05/2007Jacques ChiracJacques Chirac
16/05/200715/05/2012Nicolas SarkozyNicolas Sarkozy
15/05/201214/05/2017François HollandeFrançois Hollande
14/05/201718/09/2020Emmanuel MacronEmmanuel Macron
04/09/187013/02/1871Louis-Jules TrochuLouis-Jules Trochu
17/02/187130/08/1871Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
11/07/194019/08/1944Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain
03/06/194426/01/1946Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle
26/01/194624/06/1946Félix GouinFélix Gouin
24/06/194628/11/1946Georges BidaultGeorges Bidault
28/11/194616/12/1946Vincent AuriolVincent Auriol
16/12/194616/01/1947Léon BlumLéon Blum