Discovery of Brazil


Brazil’s Discovery was the result of the European colonialist expansion. In 1500, in March, a Portuguese squadron led by Pedro Álvares Cabral, travelling to India, diverted from its original route. In the late afternoon of April 22nd, the squadron reached a point in the south seashore of what is today the state of Bahia. On April 24th, the squadrons led by Cabral sailed in search for a better port to anchor their vessels. They found a “very good and safe one” at the place that today is called Cabrália Bay.

The first mass was celebrated on April 26th, a Sunday, by Friar Henrique Soares Coimbra, a Franciscan that was going to India, at Coroa Vermelha. On the following day, the first tree was cut to make a cross for the celebration of the second mass, on May 1st. On the same day, Cabral left for India, while Gaspar de Lemos went to Lisbon to announce the discovery to the king of Portugal, Dom Manuel I. On the land, called Vera Cruz by Cabral, they left two men to contact the native people.

In 1501, the Portuguese organized a new expedition, this time to explore the land discovered in the previous year. Conducted by the navigator from Florence, Americo Vespúcio, the Portuguese squadron arrived on November 1st at a big gulf, All Saints’ Bay. Vespúcio only gave detailed news about this trip in 1504.


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Published in 3/04/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic Portugal Chronology:

22/04/1500Discovery of BrazilDiscovery of Brazil
01/01/1572Luís de Camões publishes Os LusíadasLuís de Camões publishes Os Lusíadas
01/01/1580Loss of independenceLoss of independence
01/12/164013/02/1668Portuguese Restoration WarPortuguese Restoration War
01/11/1755Great Earthquake of LisbonGreat Earthquake of Lisbon
27/10/180701/01/1810French invasionsFrench invasions
24/08/1820Liberal revolutionLiberal revolution
07/09/1822Brazilian independenceBrazilian independence
01/01/182801/01/1834Civil War between Liberals and AbsolutistsCivil War between Liberals and Absolutists
11/01/1890English ultimatumEnglish ultimatum
01/04/1903King Edward VII of England visits PortugalKing Edward VII of England visits Portugal
05/10/1910Establishment of the RepublicEstablishment of the Republic
01/01/1961Outbreak of the Colonial WarOutbreak of the Colonial War
25/04/1974Democratic RevolutionDemocratic Revolution
01/01/1986Portugal joins the EECPortugal joins the EEC
13/12/2007Treaty of LisbonTreaty of Lisbon
01/01/1498Vasco da Gama reaches India by seaVasco da Gama reaches India by sea
01/01/1532Colonisation of BrazilColonisation of Brazil
04/08/1578Battle of Alcácer QuibirBattle of Alcácer Quibir
26/04/1821Return of the court to LisbonReturn of the court to Lisbon
20/09/1834Acclamation of Queen Maria IIAcclamation of Queen Maria II
18/03/1842Coup d’état by Costa CabralCoup d’état by Costa Cabral
01/01/1843Start of the construction of Pena PalaceStart of the construction of Pena Palace
01/03/1846Rebellion of Maria da FonteRebellion of Maria da Fonte
15/11/1853Death of Queen Maria IIDeath of Queen Maria II
31/01/1891Republican revolution of 31 JanuaryRepublican revolution of 31 January
09/03/1916Portugal enters the First World WarPortugal enters the First World War
01/05/1917Apparitions at FatimaApparitions at Fatima
10/06/1944Opening of the National StadiumOpening of the National Stadium
06/08/1966Opening of the bridge over the TagusOpening of the bridge over the Tagus