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Victoria Pianca

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Created: 2019-09-13 12:51:34.

Last modified: 2020-03-11 14:12:52.

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Rss Feed: Hagia Sophia: Construction and Reconstruction

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"The construction of the city - by a labor force that is said to have included skilled stonecutters from Naples and 40,000 Gothic troops - was expedited by Constantine “with the impatience of a lover.” The task took some six years to complete, and the new capital was dedicated in a splendid ceremony on May 11, 330. The inaugural procession, composed of priests, senators, and imperial dignitaries, moved from the west of the city to the Forum of Constantine. A statue of the emperor in the guise of Apollo the sun-god was then heaved on top of the central column to the chanting of Kyrie Eleison. A priest proclaimed the new name of the capital as Constantinopolis, and the city was saluted with acclamations while all the priests cried aloud: “O Lord guide it on the good path for infinite ages.” This inscription was purportedly placed on the column: “O Christ and Master of the World, to You I now dedicate this subject City, and these Scepters, and the Might of Rome. Protector, save her from all harm.”

In one of the entrances to the Hagia Sophia, this mosaic panel of the 10th century shows the Virgin...

Bust of Constantine the Great at the Capitoline Museums, in Rome. Photograph by Jean-Christophe Beno...

 
Hagia Sophia: Construction and Reconstruction

Hagia Sophia: Construction and Reconstruction

The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built Earthquake The First Hagia Sophia is inaugurated by Constantius II A fire destroys the roof Church of Theodosius II The Hagia Sophia burns to the ground Construction of the new Hagia Sophia The new Hagia Sophia is dedicated by Emperor Justinian Earthquake Earthquake The dome collapses The restored church is consecrated Images destroyed during the Iconoclast Controversy are restored Restoration by Basil I The redecoration of Hagia Sophia begins Earthquake Rebuilding under rule of Basil II Changes during the Latin Empire Reign of Michael VIII Andronicus II carries out works to restabilize the church 1st reign of John V Palaeologus Earthquake The eastern part of the dome collapses Restoration The cross is substituted by a crescent and a provisional wooden minaret is built Redecoration under Mehmed II Architect Sinan is invited to reform Hagia Sophia Tomb of Sultan Selim II Tomb of Sultan Murad III Tomb of Sultan Mehmed III Reign of Murad IV Elementary school Hagia Sophia Fountain Restoration under Sultan Abdulmejid The timing room is built Earthquake Restoration by members of the Byzantine Institute of America A long-lost portrait of Emperor Alexander is rediscovered