Attack on the United States House of Representatives

01/03/1954View on timeline

The second notable attack occurred on March 1, 1954, when four members of the Nationalist Party shot at members of the U.S. House of Representatives. The attack was led by Lolita Lebron, who shouted, "Viva Puerto Rico Libre" before she and her associates Rafael Cancel Miranda, Andres Figueroa Cordero, and Irving Flores Rodriguez opened fire on the assembled congressmen. Five congressmen were wounded. Upon being arrested, Lolita proclaimed, "I did not come to kill anyone, I came to die for Puerto Rico!" The Nationalists, who did not resist arrest, were convicted of attempted murder and other crimes, and sentenced to death. President Truman commuted the sentences to life imprisonment. Pedro Albizu Campos, the Nationalist Party president, who had been pardoned for revolutionary activities in Puerto Rico, hailed the attack as an "act of heroism." Governor Munoz Marin revoked the pardon and Albizu remained incarcerated for another decade.

— Pedro Caban on his article "Puerto Rican Nationalist Uprising"

Puerto Rican Nationalist Uprising, by Pedro Caban

Puerto Rican Nationalist Uprising, by Pedro Caban (PDF)
Five Shot In U.S. Congress (1954)
Lolita Lebrón being led by police officers following her arrest.

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Poster designed by Rachael Romero.

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Hotel Royalmont 315 W. 94th St. Where Lolita Lebrón, one of the three Puerto Ricans in the 5 Congres...

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Published in 3/07/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic Life of Pedro Albizu Campos:


Invalid DateBirthBirth
Invalid DateScholarship to University of VermontScholarship to University of Vermont
Invalid DateTransferred to HarvardTransferred to Harvard
Invalid DateElected vice-president of the Cosmopolitan ClubElected vice-president of the Cosmopolitan Club
Invalid DateElected president of the Cosmopolitan Club
Invalid DateAlbizu Called House Attack "Heroism"
Invalid DateBrass Tacks
Invalid DateCommunication: Porto Rico and the WarCommunication: Porto Rico and the War
Invalid DateJoins the ArmyJoins the Army
Invalid DateFirst arrestFirst arrest
Invalid DateAttempt to raise money to send him to Paris
Invalid DateJourney to the mainlandJourney to the mainland
Invalid DateDeath
Invalid DateA recording of Pedro Albizu Campos is released
Invalid DateSpeech at the Municipal Meeting in Lares
Invalid DateCrossfire at Albizu's home
Invalid DateOur Political Status, by Pedro Albizu Campos
Invalid DatePuerto Rican Nationalism, an essay by Pedro Albizu CamposPuerto Rican Nationalism, an essay by Pedro Albizu Campos
Invalid DateBecomes president of the Puerto Rican Nationalist PartyBecomes president of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
Invalid DateMarried Dr. Laura MenesesMarried Dr. Laura Meneses
Invalid DateJoins the Puerto Rican Nationalist PartyJoins the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
Invalid DateRío Piedras Massacre
Invalid DateAssassination of Colonel RiggsAssassination of Colonel Riggs
Invalid DatePonce MassacrePonce Massacre
Invalid DateHospitalization at Columbus Hospital, New York
Invalid DatePuerto Rican Nationalist Party RevoltsPuerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts
Invalid DateSecond arrest
Invalid DatePardoned by Luis Muñoz MarínPardoned by Luis Muñoz Marín
Invalid DateAttack on the United States House of RepresentativesAttack on the United States House of Representatives
Invalid DateThird arrestThird arrest
Invalid DateAttempt to assassinate president Harry TrumanAttempt to assassinate president Harry Truman
Invalid DateSuffered a stroke
Invalid DatePuerto Rican flags were illegalPuerto Rican flags were illegal
Invalid DateAdmitted to Harvard Law School
Invalid DateReturns to Harvard Law School
Invalid DateGraduates from Harvard and returns to Puerto Rico
Invalid DateTravels around Latin America
Invalid DateDefends the nationalist Luis Velasquez
Invalid DateRuns for the Puerto Rican Senate
Invalid DateSugar cane strikes
Invalid DateBarceloneta's Central Plazuela workers go on strike
Invalid Date1,200 workers from Central Coloso join the strike
Invalid Date8,000 workers join the Coloso strike
Invalid DateCentral Guánica goes on strike
Invalid DatePeak of the strike
Invalid DateAlbizu Campos speaks to a crowd of 6,000 people
Invalid DateAlbizu Campos has a lunch with Colonel E. Francis Riggs
Invalid DateThe sugar strike is settled
Invalid DateAlbizu Campos' trial
Invalid DateTrial
Invalid DateAlbizu Campos is flown to a prison in Atlanta
Invalid DateReleased on probation
Invalid DateReturns to Puerto Rico
Invalid DateThe Nationalist Party is targeted by the FBIThe Nationalist Party is targeted by the FBI
Invalid DatePublic Law 53 or "Gag Law"