Communication: Porto Rico and the War

14/04/1917View on timeline

"In his letter to The Harvard Crimson, Albizu expressed the hope that Puerto Rico might gain independence and become like Cuba. Albizu’s hope hinged, above all, on one figure, Woodrow Wilson, elected president in 1912."

Daniel Immerwahr. How to Hide an Empire (Locais do Kindle 1842-1844). Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Edi...

To the Editors of the CRIMSON:

To understand the attitude of Porto Rico towards the role that the United States is now playing in the present international struggle, a bit of history will not be out of place. When the Spanish-American war broke out, Porto Ricans looked to this country as their liberator, and a wave of Americanism swept across the country. We tried hard to become Americans in thought as well as in fact. A slight glance at our legislation between 1900 and 1904 will convince anyone of the truth of this statement. We went as far as to give more importance to English than to our own language, Spanish, in our schools. The Republican Party, with its belief in statehood for the island, controlled the country until 1904. However, a sharp reaction set in to counteract the political abuses of the appointees, and as an expression of national consciousness, the Unionist Party came into control as a result.

The new party, to satisfy the dissenting republicans who aimed primarily at the abolition of corruption, but who still had remained faithful in their belief in statehood, put in a plank to that effect. The nationalists also received recognition, for the party pledged itself to independence under the protectorate of the United States, identical to the present status of Cuba; and, thirdly, it declared itself for home rule somewhat similar to that which Canada enjoys. It is clear that this platform is an expression of the most conflicting interests. However, the Unionist Party carried the people with it and controlled absolutely the branch of the Government responsible to the voters up to November, 1916. The consent of the governed has not been, until the recent Jones Bill was passed by Congress and signed by President Wilson, a recognized axiom of government in Porto Rico. In spite of popular support, the Unionist Party, as any other party would have been, was helpless to solve the vital questions affecting Porto Rico--the relations between the island and the United States, the curbing of the omnipotence of corporations, etc., for the simple reason that by the Foraker Act we have been living until now virtually under the complete control of a council appointed by the President of the United States, and which with the governor also appointed, had legislative, judicial, and executive powers, the whole government being in its hands.

The futility of sustaining the Unionists in power was realized in 1916, although the futility of maintaining any party until we could have some sort of democratic government, was not as plain. The Republicans have again appeared in full strength still firm in their convic- tion in statehood and Americanization.

The Jones Bill which has become law, gives Porto Rico a form of home rule and makes Porto Ricans citizens of the United States. The press of the Island has expressed the joy that the people feel now due to such an important event, and there is faith in the United States and in the spirit of fairness prevailing here which has led this nation to generous action for the benefit of assailed mankind.

There is no doubt that if Porto Rico could view the status of Cuba, the bond between this precious Antille and this colossus would be one of the deepest affection. Although these wishes are not realized, gentlemen, let me assure you and the American people of our loyalty to the United States. The original charter of Porto Rico was granted by Spain because our loyalty had been tested, and it remained unbroken through the many vicissitudes that she had to suffer. We have seen our coasts bombarded and invaded by all her powerful past enemies, England, Holland, France and our country we never allowed to fall under their heels. We welcomed the American flag in 1898 because we believed it, and still believe it, to be a symbol of democracy and justice. It was conceived in that spirit. We want Americans to know the facts of our situation that they may be true to themselves and find a just solution for our relations. But so far as this war is concerned, there is no division among us, we detest German tyranny and arrogance, and we will give good account of ourselves in actual voluntary military co-operation with the United States. PEDRO ALLUZU Y CAMPOS '16.

Communication: Porto Rico and the War. The Harvard Crimson.

Front page of The Harvard Crimson, 8th September 2017.

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Published in 21/06/2019

Updated in 19/02/2021

All events in the topic Life of Pedro Albizu Campos:

Invalid DateBirthBirth
Invalid DateScholarship to University of VermontScholarship to University of Vermont
Invalid DateTransferred to HarvardTransferred to Harvard
Invalid DateElected vice-president of the Cosmopolitan ClubElected vice-president of the Cosmopolitan Club
Invalid DateElected president of the Cosmopolitan Club
Invalid DateAlbizu Called House Attack "Heroism"
Invalid DateBrass Tacks
Invalid DateCommunication: Porto Rico and the WarCommunication: Porto Rico and the War
Invalid DateJoins the ArmyJoins the Army
Invalid DateFirst arrestFirst arrest
Invalid DateAttempt to raise money to send him to Paris
Invalid DateJourney to the mainlandJourney to the mainland
Invalid DateDeath
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Invalid DateSpeech at the Municipal Meeting in Lares
Invalid DateCrossfire at Albizu's home
Invalid DateOur Political Status, by Pedro Albizu Campos
Invalid DatePuerto Rican Nationalism, an essay by Pedro Albizu CamposPuerto Rican Nationalism, an essay by Pedro Albizu Campos
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Invalid DateHospitalization at Columbus Hospital, New York
Invalid DatePuerto Rican Nationalist Party RevoltsPuerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts
Invalid DateSecond arrest
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Invalid DateAttack on the United States House of RepresentativesAttack on the United States House of Representatives
Invalid DateThird arrestThird arrest
Invalid DateAttempt to assassinate president Harry TrumanAttempt to assassinate president Harry Truman
Invalid DateSuffered a stroke
Invalid DatePuerto Rican flags were illegalPuerto Rican flags were illegal
Invalid DateAdmitted to Harvard Law School
Invalid DateReturns to Harvard Law School
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